New Horizons Genealogy

"Specializing in New England and New York Colonial American Ancestry"


New York State
Federal, State, Colonial and Military Census Records

New York Census Information:

The New York Federal Census Records was completed for the following years: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930. The 1890 New York Federal Census Records were destroyed in a fire with the exception of Suffolk and Westchester Counties, (both partial). The The 1890 Veterans and Widows census records schedules for New York did survive the fire and are available for genealogical research. The 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 Federal Census Records also includes mortality schedules in the census which records the deaths for the year.

The New York State Population Census was conducted for the following years: 1808, 1814 and 1822, not all counties completed the census.

The New York State Census was completed for the following years: 1825 (all partial), 1835, 1845, 1855, 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915, and 1925. The original records for the State's pre-1915 census are kept at the county level. You may contact the county clerk's office to ascertain their availability and location. Original manuscripts of the 1915 and 1925 census records are maintained by the State Archives. The 1865 and 1875 New York State Census also includes mortality schedules in the census which records the marriages and deaths for the year.

New York State Census Substitutes:

New York Tax Valuation Lists are one of the most valuable, and most often neglected sources of genealogical information and prove to be a great census substitute. They usually divulge the names of heads of households and other males aged 16 or over and can be used to prove parentage when no other records are available. Tax lists place individuals in a particular place at a particular time and indicate the type and amount of property owned. See The Beginner's Guide to Using Tax Lists.

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Statewide New York State Census Records Online


Albany County Census Records:

Albany County was formed in 1683, is an original county, County Seat - Albany.

Albany County Federal Census Records:

Albany County Colonial Census Records:

Albany County Military Census Records:



Allegany County Census Records:

Allegany County was formed in 1806 from Genesee, County Seat - Belmont.

Allegany County Federal Census Records:

Allegany County Mortality Schedules and Special Census Returns:

Allegany County Military Census Records:



Bronx County Census Records:

Bronx County was formed in 1914 from New York, County Seat - Bronx.



Broome County Census Records



Cattaraugus County Census Records:

(Formed in 1808 from Genesee, County Seat - Little Valley.)

Cattaraugus County Federal Census Records:

Cattaraugus County State Census Records:

1835 Cattaraugus County N.Y. State Census Records: 1855 Cattaraugus County N.Y. State Census Records: 1865 Cattaraugus County N.Y. State Census Records: 1875 Cattaraugus County N.Y. State Census Records: 1892 Cattaraugus County N.Y. State Census Records:

Cattaraugus County Military Census Records:



Cayuga County Census Records:

(Formed in 1799 from Onondaga, County Seat - Auburn.)

Cayuga County State Census Records:

Cayuga County Military Census Records:



Chautauqua County Census Records



Chemung County Census Records:

(Formed in 1836 from Tioga, County Seat - Elmira.)

Chemung County Mortality Schedules and Special Census Returns:

Chemung County Military Census Records:



Chenango County Census Records:

(Formed in 1798 from Herkimer, Tioga Counties, County Seat - Norwich.)

Chenango County Federal Census Records:

1810 Chenango County, N.Y. Federal Census Records: 1820 Chenango County, N.Y. Federal Census Records:

Chenango County Military Census Records:



Clinton County Census Records:

(Formed in 1788 from Washington, County Seat - Plattsburgh.)

Clinton County State Census Records:

Clinton County Military Census Records:



Columbia County Census Records:

(Formed in 1786 from Albany, County Seat - Hudson.)

Columbia County State Census Records:

Columbia County Military Census Records:



Cortland County Census Records:

(Formed in 1808 from Onondaga, County Seat - Cortland.)

Cortland County State Census Records:

1825 Cortland County, N.Y. State Census Records: 1835 Cortland County, N.Y. State Census Records:

Cortland County, N.Y. Military Census Records:

Other Cortland County Records:



Delaware County Census Records:

(Formed in 1797 from Ulster, Otsego Counties, County Seat - Delhi.)

Delaware County State Census Records:

1855 Delaware County, N.Y. State Census Records: 1865 Delaware County, N.Y. State Census Records:

Delaware County Mortality Schedules and Special Census Returns:

Delaware County Military Census Records:



Dutchess County Census Records:

(Formed in 1683, is an original county, County Seat - Poughkeepsie.)

Dutchess County Colonial Census Records:

Dutchess County Federal Census Records:

Dutchess County Military Census Records:



Erie County Census Records:

(Formed in 1821 from Niagara, County Seat - Buffalo.)

Erie County State Census Records:

Erie County Military Census Records:



Essex County Census Records:

(Formed in 1799 from Clinton, County Seat - Elizabethtown.)

Essex County State Census Records:

Essex County Military Census Records:



Franklin County Census Records:

(Formed in 1808 from Clinton, County Seat - Malone.)

Franklin County State Census Records:

Franklin County Military Census Records:



Fulton County Census Records:

Fulton County was formed in 1838 from Montgomery, County Seat - Johnstown.

Fulton County State Census Records:

Fulton County Mortality Schedules and Special Census Returns:

Fulton County Military Census Records:

Other Fulton County Records:



Genesee County Census Records:

(Formed in 1802 from Ontario, County Seat - Batavia.)

Genesee County New York Federal Census Records

1810 Genesee County Ne3w York Census Records

Genesee County Mortality Schedules and Special Census Returns:

Genesee County Military Census Records:



Greene County Census Records:

(Formed in 1800 from Ulster and Albany Counties, County Seat - Catskill.)

Greene County State Census Records:

1855 Greene County New York State Census Records 1865 Greene County New York State Census Records 1875 Greene County New York State Census Records 1892 Greene County New York State Census Records 1905 Greene County New York State Census Records 1915 Greene County New York State Census Records 1925 Greene County New York State Census Records

Greene County Military Census Records:



Hamilton County Census Records:

(Formed in 1816 from Montgomery, County Seat - Lake Pleasant.)

Hamilton County State Census Records:

Hamilton County Military Census Records:



Herkimer County Census Records



Jefferson County Census Records:

(Formed in 1805 from Oneida, County Seat - Watertown.)

Jefferson County State Census Records:

Jefferson County Military Census Records:



Kings County Census Records:

(Formed in 1683, is an Original county, County Seat - Brooklyn.)

Kings County Colonial Census Records:

Kings County State Census Records:

Kings County Mortality Schedules and Special Census Returns:

Kings County Military Census Records:



Lewis County Census Records:

(Formed in 1805 from Oneida, County Seat - Lowville.)

Lewis County Federal Census Records:

Lewis County State Census Records:

Lewis County Military Census Records:



Livingston County Census Records:

(Formed in 1821 from Genesee and Ontario counties, County Seat - Geneseo.)

Livingston County Mortality Schedules and Special Census Returns:

Livingston County Military Census Records:



Madison County Census Records:

(Formed in 1806 from Chenango, County Seat - Wampsville.)

Madison County Federal Census Records:

1820 Madison County, N.Y. Federal Census Records:

Madison County State Census Records:

Madison County Mortality Schedules and Special Census Returns:

Madison County Military Census Records:



Monroe County Census Records:

(Formed in 1821 from Genesee and Ontario Counties, County Seat - Rochester.)

Monroe County State Census Records:

Monroe County Mortality Schedules:

Monroe County Substitute Census Records

Monroe County Military Census Records



Montgomery County Census Records



Nassau County Census Records:

(Formed in 1899 from Queens, County Seat - Mineola.)



New York City Census Records (Manhattan):

(Formed in 1683 is an Original county, County Seat - New York City.)

New York City Military Census Records:



Niagara County Census Records:

(Formed in 1808 from Genesee, County Seat - Lockport.)

Niagara County State Census Records:

Niagara County Military Census Records



Oneida County Census Records



Onondaga County Census Records:

(Formed in 1794 from Herkimer, County Seat - Syracuse.)

Onondaga County State Census Records

Onondaga County Military Census Records



Ontario County Census Records:

(Formed in 1789 from Montgomery, County Seat - Canandaigua.)

1800 Ontario County New York Census Records

Ontario County Military Census Records

Other Ontario County Census Records



Orange County Census Records:

(Formed in 1683, is an Original county, County Seat - Goshen.)

Orange County Colonial Census Records:

Orange County State Census Records:

Orange County Military Census Records:



Orleans County Census Records:

(Formed in 1824 from Genesee, County Seat - Albion.)

Orleans County State Census Records:

Orleans County Military Census Records



Oswego County Census Records:

(Formed in 1816 from Oneida and Onondaga Counties, County Seat - Oswego, Pulaski.)

Oswego County Federal Census Records:

1820 Oswego County, N.Y. Federal Census Records: 1850 Oswego County, N.Y. Federal Census Records:

Oswego County State Census Records:

1855 Oswego County State Census Records: 1865 Oswego County State Census Records: 1892 Oswego County State Census Records: 1905 Oswego County State Census Records: 1925 Oswego County State Census Records:



Otsego County Census Records

(Formed in 1791 from Montgomery, County Seat - Cooperstown.)

Otsego County State Census Records:

Otsego County Military Census Records:



Putnam County Census Records:

(Formed in 1812 from Dutchess, County Seat - Carmel.)

Putnam County State Census Records:

Putnam County Military Census Records:



Queens County Census Records:

(Formed in 1683, is an original county, County Seat - Jamaica.)

Queens County State Census Records:

Queens County Military Census Records:



Rensselaer County Census Records:

(Formed in 1791 from Albany County, County Seat - Troy.)

Rensselaer County State Census Records:

1855 Rensselaer County, N.Y. State Census Records: Rensselaer County Military Census Records



Richmond County (Staten Island) Census Records:

Formed in 1683, is an original county, County Seat - St. George.)

Richmond County State Census Records:

Richmond County Military Census Records:



Rockland County Census Records:

(Formed in 1798 from Orange, County Seat - New City.)

Rockland County State Census Records:

Rockland County Military Census Records:



St. Lawrence County Census Records:

(Formed in 1802 from Clinton, Herkimer and Montgomery Counties, County Seat - Canton.)

St. Lawrence County Federal Census Records:

1810 St. Lawrence County, N.Y. Federal Census Records:

St. Lawrence County Indian Census Records:

St. Lawrence County Military Census Records



Saratoga County Census Records:

(Formed in 1791 from Albany County, County Seat - Ballston Spa.)

Saratoga County Military Census Records



Schenectady County Census Records:

(Formed in 1809 from Albany County, County Seat - Schenectady.)

Schenectady County Colonial Census Records

Schenectady County State Census Records: 1835

Schenectady County Military Census Records



Schoharie County Census Records:

(Formed in 1795 from Albany and Ostego counties, County Seat - Schoharie.)

Schoharie County State Census Records

Schoharie County Mortality Schedules and Special Census Returns:

Schoharie County Military Census Records



Schuyler County Census Records:

(Formed in 1854 from Tompkins, Steuben and Chemung counties, County Seat - Watkins Glen.)

Schuyler County State Census Records

1825 Schuyler County, N.Y. State Census Records: 1855 Schuyler County, N.Y. State Census Records: 1865 Schuyler County, N.Y. State Census Records: 1875 Schuyler County, N.Y. State Census Records:



Seneca County Census Records:

(Formed in 1804 from Cayuga, County Seat - Ovid, Waterloo.)

Seneca County Military Census Records



Steuben County Census Records



Suffolk County Census Records:

(Formed in 1683, is an Original county, County Seat - Riverhead.)

Suffolk County Colonial Census Records:

Suffolk County Military Census Records:



Sullivan County Census Records:

(Formed in 1809 from Ulster, County Seat - Monticello.)

Sullivan County State Census Records: 1855

Sullivan County Military Census Records:



Tioga County Census Records:

(Formed in 1791 from Montgomery, County Seat - Owego.)

Tioga County State Census Records:

Tioga County Military Census Records:



Tompkins County Census Records:

(Formed in 1817 from Cayuga and Seneca Counties, County Seat -Ithaca.)

Tompkins County State Census Records:

1825 Tompkins County N.Y. State Census Records: 1892 Tompkins County N.Y. State Census Records:

Tompkins County Mortality Schedules and Special Census Returns:

Tompkins County Military Census Records:



Ulster County, NY Census Records


Warren County Census Records:

(Formed in 1813 from Washington, County Seat - Lake George.)

Warren County State Census Records:

Warren County Military Census Records:



Washington County, NY Census Records



Wayne County Census Records:

(Formed in 1823 from Ontario and Seneca Counties, County Seat - Lyons.)

Wayne County Mortality Schedules and Special Census Returns:

Wayne County Military Census Records:



Westchester County Census Records:

(Formed in 1683, is an Original county, County Seat - White Plains.)

Westchester County Federal Census Records:

Westchester County State Census Records:

Westchester County Colonial Census Records:

Westchester County Military Census Records:



Wyoming County Census Records:

(Formed in 1841 from Genesee, County Seat - Warsaw.)

Wyoming County State Census Records:

Wayne County Mortality Schedules and Special Census Returns:



Yates County Census Records:

(Formed in 1823 from Ontario and Steuben Counties, County Seat - Penn Yan.)

Yates County State Census Records:

Yates County Military Census Records:


Misc. County Information:


Other New York State Census Resources:


Census Books of Interest:


If you know of a New York State Census link that should be added to this list, please submit it to: add a link


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