Pike County Illinois Genealogy and History
County Seat: Pittsfield
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Pike County Genealogy Records
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Genealogical Research In Pike County Illinois
Pike County Historical Society
P.O. Box 44
Pittsfield, IL 62363
Pike County Illinois History
Pike County was formed on January 31, 1821 out of Madison County. It was named in honor of Zebulon Pike, leader of the Pike expedition in 1806 to map out the south and west portions of the Louisiana Purchase. Pike served at the Battle of Tippecanoe, and was killed in 1813 in the War of 1812.
Prior to the coming of the first European settler to Pike County, French traders, hunters, and travelers passed through the native forests and prairies. Originally Pike County began on the south junction of the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. The east boundary was the Illinois River north to the Kankakee River to the Indiana State line on north to Wisconsin territorial line and then west to the Mississippi River to the original point at the south end. The first county seat was Cole's Grove, a post town, in what later became Calhoun County. The Gazetteer of Illinois and Missouri, published in 1822, mentioned Chicago as "a village of Pike County" containing 12 or 15 houses and about 60 or 70 inhabitants.
- Adams County - north
- Brown County - northeast
- Scott County - east
- Morgan County - east
- Greene County - southeast
- Calhoun County - south
- Pike County, Missouri - southwest
- Ralls County, Missouri - west
- Marion County, Missouri - northwest
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